Movements in Modern Art, Harrison, Charles, 1997, Page 6
I interpret this to mean that the term modernism has a very broad definition. It encompasses thoughts of modernisation, which relates to the Industrial Revolution, and modernity, referring to the social aspects experienced in relation to this revolution. I feel that modernism describes art which responds to what was up-to-date at that time, whether it be the presence of something or the absence of something else. From this piece of writing alone, I understand that there is a lot of debate with the definition of modernism. One reason for this may be because the term modern surely can be used at any time, not only between the late eighteenth century and the early twentieth century. During modernism, there were many different art movements, spatialism being quite a remote example.
'Spatialism combines ideas from the Dada movement, Tachism and Concrete art. Fontana wanted to create art for "a new age" that would show the "real space of the world." What separated the movement from Abstract Expressionism was the concept of eradicating the art of the easel and paint, and try to capture movement and time as the main tenets in the work.'
http://dictionary.sensagent.com/spatialism/en-en/ - Online, 02.11.2011
Lucio Fontana is an example of a modernist artist. He was an Italian painter, sculptor and theorist. During the 1940's and 50's he pioneered the Italian art movement, Spatialism.
Fontana founded the Movimento Spaziale (Spatial Movement) and worked alongside other artists to produce the Primo Manifesto dello Spazialismo (First Manifesto of Spatialism), which was followed by a second and third. He rejected the ideas that we should perceive an illusion of space on a canvas, and wanted to create a literal space. He believed that traditional, conventional Western art used the painted canvas as a window to look 'into' another world. He criticized this by exposing canvas's where the viewer literally looked into the canvas.
'Ideas are not scorned, they germinate in society and are then expressed by philosophers and artists
(from the Manifesto Blanco, Buenos Aires, 1946)'*
Fontana is also known for being one of the first artists to use neon light within his art work. He had an interest in television and comprised pieces of art with sight, sound, lighting and movement. His works adapted the way the gallery space was used and had a great deal of importance in the later movement of performance art. I have a huge interest in environmental art, and I know it encompasses substantial influence from Spatialism.
http://www.italica.rai.it/eng/principal/topics/bio/fontana.htm - Online
LITTLE, Stephen, 4.10.2004 ,Isms, Understanding Art - Book